american civil war commanders 3 - union west by Philip Katcher

By Philip Katcher

While the battle among the States broke out in 1861, the united states military had simply 4 line generals – and 3 of these have been over 70 years of age and veterans of the Napoleonic interval. approximately one in 3 of America's specialist officials selected to serve the Confederacy, and the government's pressing have to locate commanders for its significantly accelerated military positioned stars at the shoulders of guys of very diverse backgrounds and skills. the rigors of struggle might quickly separate the born leaders from the over-promoted and the political opportunists. This moment quantity dedicated to Union generals examines the careers and personalities of 25 commanders whose provider used to be more often than not, or in the beginning, within the Western theater of battle.

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When the conductor came into his car to collect the tickets, Douglass later admitted, “This was a critical moment in the drama. 1 But another danger lurked. More than anything, Douglass feared that someone might recognize him on the train. “The train was moving at a very high rate of speed for that time of railroad travel,” Douglass recalled, “but to my anxious 17 Samuel J. Miller, Frederick Douglass, 1847–52. Cased half-plate daguerreotype (plate: 5½ × 4 in. 6 cm]), Art Institute of Chicago.

The railroad offered the North a means to meet slavery’s rapid extension, and immigration made it possible to populate these open lands quickly. The process of accelerated northern railroad growth, combined with the opening of new territories, raised for the white South a doubtful future, potentially an eclipse in power, influence, and wealth. “The Velocity of Progress” 39 But the North’s expansion too brought a measure of self- doubt and concern. Northerners had to reconcile their free labor ideal with the reality of large railroad corporations in their midst, operating by their own rules and managing huge payrolls of wage- earning workers.

The Bank divided a generation, and split the young republic into fractious, feuding, and fiercely competitive political parties. Although Whitney never really explained how his transcontinental railroad proposal would alleviate, rather than inflame, sectional passions, he tried to persuade Congress to pay attention to “the geographical division formed by nature” that favored the United States. The world’s economies flowed, he pointed out, through the mountain barriers, river corridors, and desert spaces on the continent.

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