By Monica Mesquita, Sal Restivo, Ubiratan D'Ambrosio
THIS paintings EXPLORES THE city stories OF highway kids IN SAO PAULO, BRAZIL during the MATHEMATICAL EPISTEMIC REGIMES on the center in their SURVIVAL techniques. WE additionally DRAW consciousness TO the placement OF road kids throughout TIME, area, tradition, AND background. OUR objective IS to acknowledge, comprehend, AND VALIDATE different types of arithmetic developed AND USED open air OF THE validated associations OF MATHEMATICAL construction. WE BASE OUR research ON "THE MATHEMATICAL IMAGINATION", which pulls jointly SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM AND ETHNOMATHEMATICS. THEORETICALLY, WE DRAW seriously at the DURKHEIMIAN culture IN SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY. WE concentrate on a kind OF perform THAT hyperlinks THE FORMAL AND THE casual on the way to discover the complete energy OF MATHEMATICAL wisdom AS A SOCIAL factor (IN DURKHEIM'S SENSE), A made of THE COLLECTIVE attention THAT EXPRESSES COLLECTIVE REALITIES AND a class of data found in each tradition. this is often AS precise FOR arithmetic on the MARGINS because it IS for pro arithmetic. OUR paintings CONTRIBUTES TO AN rising POLITICAL MANIFESTO OF THE MARGINAL THAT DEMONSTRATES THE SOCIAL REALITIES AND SOCIAL strength in their arithmetic. THIS booklet can be OF curiosity TO SOCIAL SCIENTISTS, scholars OF arithmetic AND ETHNOMATHEMATICS, and everybody drawn to the location OF MARGINALIZED childrens.
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Additional resources for Asphalt children and city streets : a life, a city and a case study of history, culture, and ethnomathematics in S̃ão Paulo
Durkheim viewed the Paris Commune of 1871 as senseless destruction and evidence of the alienation of the working classes from bourgeois society. The resurgence of nationalism and anti-Semitism convinced Durkheim that progress was not, as most positivists of the time had assumed, the necessary consequence of the development of science and technology, but on the contrary, an outcome of the growth of technology and mechanization that undermined society's ethical structures. At that time, he was submerged in a social environment that was made up of a chaotic political scene and in his religiosity.
31 CHAPTER 2 According to Durkheim, the superiority that society has over the individual is not merely physical, but also intellectual and moral; it need fear no critical examination, provided this is fairly undertaken. He suggests that reflection – which causes humans to understand how much richer or more complex and permanent the social being is than the individual being – can reveal the reasons that make comprehensible the subordination which is required of humans and the feelings of attachment and respect which logic – the rules that the mind should follow in order to arrive at truth – has implanted within h/er.
I base my work on Durkheim’s theories, especially some of the points that he developed about the reality of society: social things, social being, social self, division of labor, solidarity, social facts, sociological method, and logic. DURKHEIM – A SOCIAL BEING To explore some points from Durkheim’s theoretical framework I decided to write a brief description of his life and his social environment, in sum his social construction as a social being. This description was developed during fifteen days in 2005 that I spent at Èpinal, situated in the Vosges’ Region of Lorraine, located in the northeast region of France.