Philadelphia and the Civil War: Arsenal of the Union by Anthony Waskie, Edwin C. Bearss

By Anthony Waskie, Edwin C. Bearss

On the outbreak of the Civil battle in 1861, Philadelphia was once the second-largest urban within the kingdom and had the commercial may perhaps to earn the name "Arsenal of the Union." With Pennsylvania's anthracite coal, the town generators solid metal into hands, and an enormous community of rails carried the ammunition and different synthetic items to the troops. Over the process the battle, Philadelphia contributed 100,000 squaddies to the Union military, together with many loose blacks and such notables as basic George McClellan and basic George Meade, the victor of Gettysburg. Anthony Waskie chronicles Philadelphia's function within the clash whereas additionally taking an intimate view of lifestyles within the urban with tales of all those that volunteered to serve and defend the Cradle of Liberty.

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Philadelphia and the Civil War: Arsenal of the Union

On the outbreak of the Civil struggle in 1861, Philadelphia used to be the second-largest urban within the state and had the commercial may perhaps to earn the name "Arsenal of the Union. " With Pennsylvania's anthracite coal, the town turbines cast metal into palms, and an enormous community of rails carried the ammunition and different synthetic items to the troops.

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The officers were required to provide their own uniforms and equipment. S. Army regulations, each company was entitled to four washerwomen who were allowed one ration a day, and in addition to this compensation for any washing they did, they were entitled to a small salary paid by the officers and men. Not to be outdone in patriotic activities by their husbands and brothers, many Philadelphia women volunteered to sew for the national government. At the Girard House Hotel, which Governor Curtin chose for a military depot, as it was then standing vacant due to the competition of the more popular Continental Hotel across Chestnut Street, a notice was posted stating that women were needed to sew uniforms.

The might of the city’s manufacturing base and heavy industries fired by anthracite coal created the iron and steel that produced weapons, ordnance, locomotives and rails that served the war effort. Uniforms, blankets and woolens, leather products, ambulances and other military supplies that brought ultimate victory were also manufactured here. Some would even say that the locomotives alone produced by Matthias Baldwin were indispensable to victory. At the outbreak of hostilities in 1861, Philadelphia was the second largest city in the country and the closest urban center to the warfront—indeed, in proximity to the seceded state of Virginia, the expected scene of conflict.

From private houses, business offices, hotels, factories and government buildings the national colors were seen waving as a sign of loyalty. Indeed, not to have them invited a possible attack from the crowds who still roamed the streets, now in search of premises that lacked the appropriate patriotic display. A group gathered at 337 Chestnut Street outside the office of the Palmetto Flag, a newspaper recently founded that was known to have Southern sympathies. Only the arrival of Mayor Henry and a squad of police, with the mayor waving a small flag from one of the upper windows in the building, prevented the place from being stormed and the editors from being attacked.

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